Do you want to buy a sewing machine, you just bought one recently?
Can you understand the manual that came with it? If not, then you need
to go on reading this handy guide that will explain the features of your
sewing machine. It is important for you to know how your sewing
machine works, for this is an indispensable part of sewing. Despite the
arrays of sewing machine available in the market today, there are basic
features that come with each sewing machine. Most beginners are
advised to go for the less expensive mechanical sewing machine;
therefore, the features explained here will be tailored to the type that is
usually found on the mechanical sewing machine models.
So, let’s dive in:
Bobbin – This is a round and metallic device that supports the spool of
thread under the needle. The bobbin is usually slotted into place
underneath the old model of sewing machines like the mechanical
sewing machine. But the newer versions are different as you can now
push aside the top cover of the modern sewing machine and drop the
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The Needle Plate– This is a metallic plate with holes that allow the
needle to pass through when sewing. It helps you when you place the
clothing material you are sewing by creating an accurate distance from
the needle while following a straight line as you sew.
Feed dog – This teeth-like metallic component can be found tucked
underneath the presser foot and the needle and the function of the foot is
to pull the fabric in a straight, forward motion while sewing. Some
sewing machines come without this chain, though.
Presser Foot– This component comes in different forms, and its
functionalso varies. But the role the presser foot plays is to hold the clothing
material flat against the needle plate. The presser foot is usually clipped
or screwed to the sewing machine, which makes it easy to replace.
Foot Pedal– The foot pedal is the part of the sewing machine that is
used to operate the sewing machine. It is gradually phasing out as the
modern sewing machine come equipped with start-stop buttons that for
Walking Foot– This component works in partnership with the feed dog.
It is a unique type of presser foot and works by keeping the fabric from
moving accidentally out of position, thus making you sew straight
Handle Wheel – The wheel is used whenever you want to move the
needle up or down manually. The handle wheel can be used to sew a
complicated pattern, carefully and slowly, or when sewing extremely
thick clothing material.
Free arm – This is a cylinder-shaped component that assists you when sewing sleeves or pockets.
Take up lever – The take-up lever is employed to uphold the tension of
the thread in the appropriate standard as well as threading the machine.
It is a vital component such that if it is not threaded correctly, the thread
will stop the sewing machine from working by knotting up.
Tension Disc– The tension disc is a combined set of two concave disks fixed such that they are face to face with each other. The thread is made to pass by these discs almost the same time as the tension in the thread is regulated via a spring and nut device.
So, there you are. Being yourself up to speed by identifying these
various components using the manual that came with the sewing